Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and in numerous cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve included. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some kinds like Mononeuropathies are reversible however many are irreversible. Strict control of blood sugar levels to slow the more development is of paramount importance. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and many other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis typically responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy may also be because of poisonous impact of certain drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, many others and anti-cancer drugs. here Treatment in this case is primarily discontinuation of the drug or dose reduction. There might be some particular treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.